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Krishna Kumar Singh, also known among friend circles KK and among close relative Krishna; Matriculation from Mithila High School Balour, Darbhanga in 1959, Graduated in Political Science Honours from C M College, Darbhanga, Bihar University in 1963; Joined post-graduate in Political Science the same year but dropped; joined Naxal movement under Charu Mazumdar, Kanu Sanyal, Satya Narayan Singh and Umadhar Singh in between but circumstances compelled to join literary work, clerk, proof readers etc in different publishing houses for livelihood; Finally joined journalism as career in different English newspapers and before my retirement from active journalism, I worked in The Times of India for about 19 years and retired as Chief Reporter  a few years back; continuing in journalism-reading more and more, writing more and more and praying to Almighty more and more-currently writing for different national English and Hindi dailies and magazines..

Monday, 5 March 2012


Much hype is being created over the Bihar and its 100th years anniversary by the present government led by the chief minister Nitish Kumar in next one week! People of Bihar and the Nitish government first must know the exactly the real birth day of Bihsar!
The  British East India Company, which was instrumental in slaving the entire India in the hands of  Great Britain, was first to get Diwani right (collection of revenue and governance) after the battle of Buxar in 1764 for "Bihar, Bengal and Orissa" Much ups and downs were witnessed since then. The Great Britain had taken the India under its control! During the British India period, the Great Britain  had created "Presidency of Bengal(PoB)". And Bihar and, Orissa had become part of the PoB  after the East India Company handed over the governance of slavery of India to Great Britain.Bihar was ruled by PoB from Calcutta now Kolkata.
Again, the Great Britain  separated Bihar and Orissa from Bengal in 1912 and  made Bihar and Orissa a joint and separate province! Whole Bengal including present Bangla Desh was made a separate province under British Raj And finally Province of Bihar came into existence in 1935 under Government of India Act,1935, of British Raj. And Orissa became a separate state..After separation from Bengal, Bihar and Orissa was government from Patna, having headquarters of top civil servants of British Raj as well as Council (Legislative wing) here in Patna..In my opinion now it is people to decide when Bihar was born in 1764 or 1912 or 1935!
Before deliberating the other aspects of Bihar before and after independence , I feel it is necessary to bring the people to down the memory lanes about importance of Bihar and its people right from ancient India to advanced India. Bihar has wonderful history. During ancient time, Bihar was centre of learning since 5th and 8th century. The name of Bihar was probably derived from Sanskrit and Pali word as well as of Devanagari scripts. Bihar means in Hindi and Sanskrit "abode". It may be abode of Buddhists monks! Great and famed rulers like Chandragupta  Maurya, Ashoka, Samundragupta, Vikaramaditya etc remained finest rulers of the entire country from Bihar and Pataliputra.or Patna.As per historical records, Bihar was important place of power, culture, education in the last one thousand years. Spiritualism was its core. Sanskrit scholars like Panini had  given new doimension to our culture , civilisation, language and literature. Gautam Buddha got enlightenment in Boddh-Gaya and spread the message of compassion and brotherhood brotherhood in the entire world. Apart from many others, the last and tenth Guru of Sikhism Guru Govind Singh was born here in Patna city areas. Once upon a time, the ancient Nalanda university had attracted students of far-lung  countries including China, Japan, Thailand,  Indonesia, even some European countries.Since it was destroyed by despotic ruler Bahkhtiyar Khilji, who committeed massacxre In Bihar Shariff and ruined the ancient Nalanda university!
About wonder of Bihar and about Bihar , I must quote one quotable quotes of A L Basham in his book-The Wonder That Was INDIA-," "The age in which true history appeared in India was one of the great intellectual and spiritual ferment. Mystics and  shophisists of all kinds roamed through the Ganges valley, all advocating some form of metal discipline and asceticism as a mean to m salvation, but the age of Buddha, when many of the best minds were abandoning their homes and profession for a life a sceticism, was also a time of advance in commerce and politics. It produced not only philosophers as ascetics but also merchant prince and Men of action---------."
Although Dr S K Sinha was first chief minister under the British  India Act, 1935, he continued even after the India achieved independence in 1947 till his death in 1960. Dr Sngh's regime notwithstanding considered one of best governed states in the country, it was he who under his golden regime brought some tangible things like Heavy Engineering Corporation (HEC), Bokaro steel, IOC oil refinerry in Barauni,Rajendra bridge on Ganga in Mokemah, many other heavy and power  industries in united Bihar before its bifurcation  and dividing  Bihar and creating Jharkhand about ten years back . One glaring mistake Dr S K Sinha committeed  that was not constructing high dams on rivers originating from Nepal although under an treaty with Nepal during British Raj, a sum of Rs 40 crores were sent to India by Great Britain government for final construction of the dams on rivers after independence. Reluctantly the then prime minister Jawahar Lal Nehru had to hand over the sum to Punjab for constructing high dams on Bhakhara Nangal. And today Punjab is feeding the entire country because of construction of high dams and irrigation network in that state as well as industrial hubs in that state.
Alas  after his death , practically a lull was created in Bihar and the state started deteriorating.
Another remarkable features were achieved in Bihar during the regime of Krishna Ballabh Sahay, Kedar Pandey, Karpoori Thakur and Bhagwat Jha Azad.. While Sahay to some  extend implemented land reform measures and given land to landless for basgit and agriculture after enacting law to take over surplus lands from the then rajas , maharajas, landlords  and big land holders, Kedar Pandey streamlined the higher eduction in the state to great extend and during his regime, universities in the state started funtioning well and marvelously.
 Karpoor Thakur, was considered messiah of poor and imlemented reservation for dalits and , backwards, who were deprived off of jobs and education and exxploited by higher caste people in the state. Last but not the least Bhagwat Jha Azad , during his short tenure, started war against corruption in the state for the first time substantially. It was during his regime big politicians   particularly from cooperative sectors and big officials were booked on corruption charges in the state, which had brought tagible results later on .
In between successive chief ministers of the state proved ineffective, and the Bihar started going down to the drains and its backwardness aggaravated miserably.
 I do not want to name any other chief ministers, who had brought all the ills for  Bihar during their respective tenures. One chief minister institutionalised corruption in the state during his rule in 1980s. Another one and his family member, who also become chief minister, shiphonned off over Rs 850 crore from state treasury. Many criminal cases are pending against him.
Situation started down hill turn from 1980s. Corruption has adversely affected governance in the state and now the situation has reached to such height during Nitish Kumar regime that poor continued to be neglected and corruption has percolated  right from state headquarters to panchayat level in the state. Since 1980s, specially in  during Laloo-Rabari regime to Nitish Kumar rule from late 1990s to 2000s corruption and deterioration in law and order situation  have become  worse. Some definite improvement in law and order and development sectors had taken place in the beginning of  Nitish rule, but common masses are passing through agonising moments.
 Nitish failed to implement much-publicised  land reform measures despite his promises and reports of Bandopadhaya committee.Before coming to power Nitish had announced implementation of land reform measures but under the pressure of big land holders and BJP leaders, he dithered to implement the measures leaving  the lands in the hands of holders and depriving the landless their right of lands Development funds, specially central schemes , are not percolating to rural poor.. Government officials and ruling class politicians comprising JD(U) and BJP have created havoc with peoples' life. Big announcement of Nitish government have become order of the day.Curb on freedom of press in the form of undeclared censorship have posed a big question mark over freedom of expression.Authoritarian attitude of Nitish Kumar and bureacratic cobweb remind the people of how Hitler in the garb of democracy had imposed the dictatorship in Germany!
Only hope appears on youths of Bihar. Bihar has 58 percent youths below 25 years of age. Such data of youths is highest in comparision to other states.. As regards sign of development, Bihar is agriculture based state. Its soils has highest fertility . Rural masses are trying their best to produce maximum from their lands.One more thing is remarkable factor  in Bihar and its residents. They are definitely developing but not at the cost of assistance and help "rahmo-karam" of government of Nitish Kumar but of their own by dint of hard labour.
Now youths of Bihar could give a new road of development  overthrowing present decadent politicians, who are exploiting the people in the name of shining slogans o in Bihar. Lot of youths are also getting specialised education in other parts of the country. Many Biharis are working in other states and sending money to their kiths and kins here. And development is taking shape!

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