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Krishna Kumar Singh, also known among friend circles KK and among close relative Krishna; Matriculation from Mithila High School Balour, Darbhanga in 1959, Graduated in Political Science Honours from C M College, Darbhanga, Bihar University in 1963; Joined post-graduate in Political Science the same year but dropped; joined Naxal movement under Charu Mazumdar, Kanu Sanyal, Satya Narayan Singh and Umadhar Singh in between but circumstances compelled to join literary work, clerk, proof readers etc in different publishing houses for livelihood; Finally joined journalism as career in different English newspapers and before my retirement from active journalism, I worked in The Times of India for about 19 years and retired as Chief Reporter  a few years back; continuing in journalism-reading more and more, writing more and more and praying to Almighty more and more-currently writing for different national English and Hindi dailies and magazines..

Monday, 25 June 2012


Judicial activism and enthusiasm right from lower
courts to the Supreme Court while delivering judgements have pushed
the democracy and its legislatures and executive at the wit's end as
well as loss to public exchequeres and as well as peoples' diminishing
faiths in the judicial system!.Before I deliberate recent judgements
of the Patna High Court, and lower courts ignoring the serious points
of law and falacies in judgements, I must visit the the few overreach
action of the Supreme Court in delivering judgements in the recent
At least some recent examples like Supreme Court pronuouncements
of judgements in the interlinking of rivers and remission to Vodafone
of over Rs 12000 crore as tax liabilities on the basis of an equally
unprecedented transaction between Vodafone and Hutch, with a clear
nexus to the sale of latter's assets in India. Like wise the Supreme
Court judgement on interlinking of rivers is said to be direct
interferences on the exective powers of the State.The old debate on
the inter-linking of river idea revived by a February 27 directives of
the Supreme Court of India to the central government to set up a
special committee to ensure its implementation as priority.To many,
this sounded like a clear case of judicial overreach,, one setting a
wrong precedent of the judiciary entering the executive domain!
The judgement of the Supreme Court , comprising the Chief Justice of India
S H Kapadia, Justices Swantra Kumar and K S Radhakrishnan (Chief
Justice Kapadia and Justice Swantra Kumar delivering one and Justice
Radhakrishnan authoring second), in Vodafone case has recent ly set
aside the Mumbai high court judgement in the case, which had directed
with ample of reasons and law points the Vodafone to pay tax liability
of Rs 1200 crore.
In the back drop of Vodafone judgement by theSupreme Court, I want to
mention a judgement of the the then Supremecourt Judge O.Chinnappa
Reddy in the MCdowell and Company Limited vrscommercial taxes officer
(1985). Justice Reddy had referred , " We now
live in welfare state whose finamcial need, if backed by the law, have
to be respected and met. We must recognise that there is behind
taxation laws as much moral sanctions as behind any other welfare
legislation and it is pretence to say that avoidance of taxation in
not unethical and that stands it stands on no law less moral plane
than honest payment of taxations=======================." In my
opoinion tax revenue are main sources of government's development
initiatives currently when the government is in the grip of serious
fund crunch, depriving citizens the right of to an adequate means of
livelihood and to lessen the inequalities in income. Thus Supreme
Court judgement in the Vodafone case on January 20, 2012 is an
instance of lapses on the part of our judicial procedures and ignoring
the interest of the country.
There are many other things behind the
scene judgement of the Supreme court in between! Fingers are being
raised on the partiality of judges in delivering judgement in the
Vodafone case.. Chief Justice Kapadia's son Hoshnar Kapadia was with Ernst
and Young-a firm which advised Vodafone on its tax dispute after
Vodafone's deal in 2007. He had joined E&Y India and not E&Y UK. It is
also pointed out that that income tax depatrtment used the E&Y UK's
report as evidence against Vodafione.
Prof Mohan Gopal, Director of
the Rajiv Gandhi Institute of for Contemporary Studies (RGICS), New
Delhi, has voiced concern over the likely implication of the Vodafone
judgement for governance citing several well placed law points. Gopal,
however, said that about the references of son of Chief justice
Kapadia must be avoided at this stage in linking the judgement as
chief justice Kapadia has a well deserved and hard-earned reputation
for the highest integrity. On the other hand Prashant Bhushan senior
advocate of the Supreme Court has also questioned the Judgement of SC
in Vodafone case. Bhushan has put many facts about the integrity of
judges right from lower courts to apex court!
More over the Supreme
Court judgement of on interlinking of rivers has also raised many
eyebrows in the country. Interlinking of rivers will have many ill
effects including environment , huge cost of over five lakh crore on
the project and many hicuups by different state governments over their
agreement in interlinking rivers of the country. Many of the legal
experts have pointed out that judgements apart from usurping executive
powers of the state, has also ignored the facts of many reports and
diocuments of the past pros and cons in interlinking rivers.
Intrestingly the SC judgement has itself pronounced reservations on
interlinking of rivers by different state governments including Bihar,
Karnataka, Punjab, Assam, Sikkim and many states like Kerala, Assam,
Sikkim have have raised protests over interlinking of rivers on many
grounds. Significantly , the cost, which has been analyesd in the SC
judgement on the project varies from Rs 4,44,331.20 crores and Rs 4,
34, 667 crore at the 2003-2004 price. Now it would escalates in over
several crores if the project is implemented for inter-linking of
It appears "dadagiri " of Supreme Court to implement the
project and constitution of special committee, bypassing the union and
state governments over the issues,, many legal experts commented. The
former secretary of the union ministry of Water resources Ramaswami R
Iyer has criticised the interlinking of rivers. Iyer said, " it is
pity that union government has not made its reservation clear to the
Supreme Court. -if it would have stated opposition, the judgement
would not have come in such manner. But it has not been done by the
government because of political compulsion." Iyer has referred the
reports of many committees including of K L Rao came up with
Ganga-Cauvery linkk canal projects in 1972, Captain Dastur's Garland
Canal project etc.
The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), New
Delhi, a leading environmental organisation,, has also opposed the
idea of interlinking of rivers and has said, " this is delicious idea
where water from flooded river basins can be divereted to dry river
basins through canals and storage. While it may sound really good on
paper, it is technically implausible."
Since I will write further
detailed story on all these issues later on . But taking into account
the at least two recent judgements of the Supreme Court, I want to
mention a few facts of judicial activism and enthusiasm in Bihar also.
First I will deliberate the recent judgement of the Patna High court
on Bathani Tola massacres of Dalits, which is well known facts. A
division bench of the Patna High court, comprising Justice Navneet
Praad Singh and Justivce ashwani Kumar has set aside the judgement of
the Arrah additional judge judgement, which had awarded capital
punishments to three and life imprisionment to 20 accused persons on
the ground of lack of evidence. The case of murdering 21 dalit persons
including children and women in Bathani tola village under Bhojpur
district.by forward caste people is well known. It was in the
knowledge of evertybody.
The Patna high court, which had found fault
in evidences, should have instead of acquting all the accused persons
, would have duirected the state government and its police for
reinvestigation the case. But the court had failed and in extra
enthusiasm, acquited all the accused persons, allegedly involved in
the ghastly murders of youths!
Another case in point is the recent
judgement of the fast track-court of Judge Ram Darash for acquiting
influential persons including Maharjganj MP Umashankar Singh of the
Rashtriya Janata Dal and his son Jitendra Swami in a murder case when
the matter of transfer of the case from the Ram Darsh's court was
already pending in the Patna High court. Earlier the court of Darash
had rejected the transfer plea. Thereafter, an appeal was filed in the
Patna High court and it was under process of hearing. In the maentime
, Fast track Court-1 Ram darsh has pronounced the judgement, acquiting
the MP and his son. The Patna High court , however, took cognizance
in the matter and directed the Judge to file a show-cause
 It appears a clear case of miscarriage of justice by the lower
court! As regards other such judgemnents right from the district
courts to the Patna hgh courts are very common in Bihar.


When the entire planet is well set to give equal rights to women, a sad story about violences on women-killings, rapes etc have shocked international community. Such gruesome crimes are being taken place in Ciudad Juarez in Mexico for the last three years-wave of attacks beginning in the 1990s that left hundreds of women dead over the course of decades
According to a report published in the New York Times recently; international attention moved on but the killings continued-the second wave larger  than the first.Clusters of slain women are continuously being discovered. Roughly 60 women and girls have been killed so far this year-at least 100 are missing over the past two years. At least 304 were killed in 2010. More women killed in 2012-than any earlier year so called feminicide era..
"People have not reacted with the same force as before," said Gustavo de la Rosa, a human right investigator for Chihuahea-"they think it natural." In the wake of international pressure, authorities revealed that more of these killings are being solved. But arrest and conviction are exceedingly rare.For the victims found in mass grave in the Juarez valley-most details are still mystery-none knows how many women were buried there.
State  authorities amid heaps of files of violence against women led by Helter Hawley, charged with documenting the crime scenes of the most of the women killed in Ciudad Juarez, the forensic investigator suggest, "it is more vulnerable group- these are the people we expect to see killed.", the New York Times reported..
Hawley has been working murder cases since 2003. He started specialising in women lkilling recent years, and in his views, the stunning tally of women killed is mostly caused by the increased local involvement in gangs and drugs, and jelous men. Often both gangs and jelousy come together in a single case. He opened a file on computer showing one of the 18 women killed in April photographs showed that she had been dumped in a public street and fund around 8 am ."she was stabbed 63 times", Hawley said. Her pink shiort, featuring an image of heart, was stained with blood..Based on the number of stab wounds, he said, " the killer had to be on drug." He opened another file showing a woman shot dead at bottom of garbage pile." she was pregnant.we think she owned her bosses money for something drug may be." He clicked through several other cases showing women young and old , mostly shot and killed at close range. He and his two of ingvestigators in his office said, they did not have any specific information about women found in the mass grave but they warned against seeing their deaths as the product of single cause.In Juarez, there is everything", Hawley said. There are  jelous husbands, jelous father-in-laws -there are women killing women."
While exposing such heinous criminal activities, the Ney Yok Times points out that a government committee found a similar array of causes for the earlier wave of killings. Aftyer surveuying 155 killings of women out of 340 documented between 1993 and 2003, the committee found that roughly half of them were prompted by motives like domestic violence, robbery and gang wars while a little more than a third involved sexual assault.
Victims advocates, however, argue that the klilling of women found in the Valley fall on the more bizarre.Francisca Galvain, a lawyer, who has been working with the parents of missing girlss, said that Ms Gowaler's daughter, Parlo, 15, was last seen down-town talking to a middle-aged man around lunch time. Several other girls from the grave, along with some still missing have also disappeared from location thereby, Ms Galvain said.
First , there were just few bones and body parts found in valley beyond the sprawal of this wild city-at least four women killed and dumped, the authorities said. Dozen more bodies of women and girls were found.. Most of them disappeared in 2009 and 2010, many were teen agers and good students. Idali Juache's mother still insists her daughter is missing although police inked her DNA to l fragrnments in the valley's grave. Elvira Gsnzalez said she felt what seemed like her daughter's spirit at home, before finding out she had been dumped in the grave."I always believed she would be given back to us\ alive, I never believed this was how she would be brought back to us.", she added to Ney York Times writer Damen Cave.
All were around same age and several looked very similar, posters hanging all over the city show that they had long, straight dark hair and skimmy features."The authorities, they do not want to see the truth, she said , adding ," Life have just has so little values.".Her own theory run the gamut; may be girls targeted for organs thefts, may be killers arrived as part as part of the surge in deportation that has sent through immigrants-criminals to Ciudad Juarez from  America. though it is unclear if the victims had been raped, she added, may be killing started as sexual assaults.
American officials in El Pavo said  they were stalling their heads, too when during gangs were involved in high profile killing paid in firmness without call with tips. But not in the case the Juarez Valley grave.
Several mothers of missing girls said the prosecutors have refused to let them visit morgue, even as officials offered up complicity tallies for how many female bodies were held there. "They are liars, " said Norma Laguna Labra, Idali's mother.
The incident of killings of women  in Mexico  appear without any justice in an anarchy like Nation in  the conteninet  my opinion.
The New York Times report sums up the gruesome story with one liner conclusion -"all depends of justice on Law of God."

Saturday, 23 June 2012


In the wake of the killing of  known Rashtriya Swaymsewak Sangh supporter and the founder of dreaded Ranvir Sena, private militia of upper caste specially Bhumihars, Brahmeshwar Nath Singh alias Mukhiya in the Ara town by unknown assailants recently and subsequent violence in most of the districts in central Bihar and in Patna town areas  by majority sections of Bhumihar caste men,if  one remembers the conservatism and feudalism mindset  in Bihar, right from the days of the British Raj to independent India, he will shiver how gruesome murders, atrocities, injustices etc have been inflicted on  Dalits, backwards, Muslims, poor among forward caste etc in the last several years, specially after independence and in 1990s with rising backward caste movements as well as for their assertions of right under the Indian Constitution against the conventional feudal orders!
Organised violence and crimes by upper caste landlords are very common in Bihar. And it became a fashion in 1990s to eliminate as much of Dalits, Muslims, backwards and poor among upper caste in 1990s in Bihar! All these started when upper caste people felt threatened by the assertion of Dalits, Muslims, backwards, and poor during the regime of the Laloo-Rabari in Bihar, initially know pro-poor government, which gave voices to dalits, Muslims , backwards and poor etc. As these sections of deprived society started  asserting for their rights and have raised voices against their suppression for long, the upper caste landlords raised their ugly heads to silence them for retaining their age-old supremacy in Bihar.
 All these nefarious activities including a number of massacres  and subsequently communal pogroms else where in the state were carried in Bihar under Ranvir Sena, militia organisation and saffron brigades under the patronage of Barhmeshwar Singh and the RSS leadership respectively .Most  of them were taken place in 1990s, attracting the attention of countrymen and also the global community.
To make the point straight, I must point it out that land have remained moot point of all these massacres Apart from that wages and social dignity to dalits as well as mobilisation of radical  groups on these issues under constitutional frameworks have started giving agonising moments to feudal classes and they want to deprive the deprived lots from all these things to keep their hegemony intact! Prof Anand Chakarvarty , retired professor of the Delhi School of Economics in a   a lecture on Bathani tola massacre accused acquittal by the Patna High court in New Delhi  felt  that real "reason for the massacre was the assertion of the under class was viewed as an act of defiance against the hierarchical class and caste order.". Prof Chakravarty is of the opinion that Bihar government today, for all its rhetoric, was actually deeply inimical to the economic, social and political entitlement of the oppressed classes that that there, the prospects of justice for the latter were quite bleak.".
.Land owing feudal  upper caste do not want to leave their land and the dalits want genuine shares in the land for at least for their home!Anand Chakravarty,, has also spoken about deep divergence between the rule of law and justice at a convention held against Bathani tola judgement of the Patna High court.( All the accused were acquitted by the Patna high court upsetting the judgement of the Ara district and session judge, who had awarded death sentences  and life imprisonment  to all the accused for killing 21 persons, most of them children and women in Bathani tola village of Ara district in 1996). Prof Chakravartay has stated that justice should" be understood not just in a judicial sense but in wider sense of economic, social and political justice."
While voicing concern over instances of judicial injustices against dalits \and adivasis agrarian labourers, Prof Chakravarty  cited the Tamil Nadi High Court verdict in Keezhavanmani massacre of 1969, which had found it "astonishing" and  " difficult to believe", one whom even "possessed a car" could be guilty of burning alive 42 dalits. In the context of Rupaspur in Purnia district of Bihar carnage, massacre of 14 adivasis sharecroppers in 1971, he quoted the words of a well-known advocate, who had justified the massacres:"it is because of me ( that is, the landlords) that he had the land, it is because of me that he had a livelihood......Now he is violating that relationship by refusing to share the crops; this is breach of a trust which cannot be tolerated." Prof Chakravarty thus spoke about principal social contradictions of Bihar that resulted in the massacres by Ranvir Sena in the 1990s.
Reminiscences of massacres' lists of dalits, adivasis, Muslims and poor are long at different places, mainly in the central Bihar districts including Gaya, Jahanabad, Arwal, Aurangabad, Rohtas, and also at few districts of north and east Bihar.It all started in village Rupaspur under united Purnia district in 1971 where 14 adivasis sharecroppers were burnt alive by feudal Rajput landlord. No one knew the fate of cases and all accused persons were perhaps let off because of lack of substantial evidences.The 1990s massacres galore began with the mobilisation of upper caste under Ranvir sena and various other  upper caste militia of in the central Bihar under Brahmeshwar Singh. After Bathani tola massacre, the upper caste militia went on rampage, killing people in Laxamanpur -Bathe, Shankarbgha and MIapur and many other villages. Finally the massacres ended with the arrest of Brahmshwar Singh in 2002.But  incidents of violence against dalits and muslims continue even after that fearful days of worse massacres.
Sadly people still remember the open admission of Barhmeshwar Singh, who had during his underground days , had openly told different media persons that Ranvir Senas kill children  and women of  Dalits , Muslims, backwards and poor because children after growing youth will become naxalites and women will give births to children, who will become naxalites.
According to a report published in the Frontline, a fortnightly; in order to understand the Bathani Tola massacre, a brief account of the history of Bihar is necessary. Land has been the crucial issue in the politics of Bihar. Because of fertile land irrigated by Ganga, Sone river system, the districts of Bhojpur, Gaya, Patna and Arwal in central Bihar have historically been a hub of political movements. During the colonial era, Bihar was the heart of the zamindari system, which drove deep wedges between dalits and backwards classes and upper castes, who had a major share of the zamindari. Even after it  abolition in 1950 and the introduction of the Land Ceiling Act in 1961, the landlords worked their way up in politics to retain most of their lands, to the extent that Bihar has the worst record in the implementation of land reforms.
According to a 2009 report, among the landowners in the state, 96.5 percent are marginal farmers poor small farmers. They own about  66 percent of total land..Medium and large farmers comprise just 3.5 percent of the land owing community, but they own roughly 33 percent of the total land..Northern Bihar has bigger landlords, but the value of their land is much lower than that in southern Bihar because northern Bihar is flood plain. It is because of this that the landlords of southern Bihar are much more aggressive about possessing land. Most of the upper caste leaders come from southern Bihar. In 1971,Bihar witnessed its first feudal massacre when 16 santhals were killed in Rupaspur  village in PURNIA  district. In the years to come, private armies such as Kunwar sena of Rajputs, the Brahmarishi sena, Savarn Liberation Front, Pandav gang and Sun Light Sena emerged to fight for upper caste landlords.
 Encouraged by this trend,, a few backward castes landlords also formed private armies such as the Bhumi Sena, the Kisan Kranti Sena and Lorik Sena run either by yadavas  or kurmis.In 1995, the politically powerful Bhumihar caste landlords brought all the upper caste armies under theRranvir Sena umbrella. They declared that the Ranvir Sena was formed to wipe out communists from Bihar so that the tradition of feudalism, given to them by their ancestors, was maintained. The Ranvir Sena under the leadership of Brahmeshwar Singh organised youths among upper caste including minors and   created violence to a new height against dalits, Muslims and backwards , and poors. And the first case of a big massacre was given by Ranvir Sena in Bathani tola village of Bhojpur district.
More over , the upper caste organised violence started increasing by leaps and bound eliminated over 500 dalits, Muslims, backwards and poors from other  caste and community by 1995, the ultra-left militants under the banner of CPI-ML killed 93 upper caste landlords between 1994 to 2000. CPI-ML activists killed eight ranvir sena members at Nadhi village in Bhojpur district. In 1997 and 1999 CPI-ML had also raided Jahanabad district and kjilled 16 landlords. The biggest such attack was conducted by Maoist coordination centre (MCC), which along with other naxalite outfits, merged into CPI(Maoist) in 1999, emerged forces in south Bihar, and apart from killing about 50 Rajput landlords in Aurangabad district  in its previous MCC form in 1987, killed 35 Bhumihars in Senari village in Jahanabad not only to show its strength but also revenging the killings of dalits, Muslims etc by Ranvir Sena men in different districts of the south Bihar.
I exactly remembers before that, first naxal operation was carried in Musahari village of Muzaffarpur district against upper caste landlords  in early 1970s by the then naxal organisation of Charu Mazumdar and Kanu Sanyal of Naxalwari fame and pro ponders of  the first left ultra forces to  end exploitation of weaker sections of society. Three landolrds were killed at that time besides two in Darbhanga town itself! Before that some socialist leaders of north Bihar led by Socialist leader Suraj Narayan Singh  and CPI leader Bhogendra Jha had also launched movement of land grabbing of big landlords in the old Darbhana district comprising Madhubani and Samastipur. The agitation succeeded to some extent and landless poor grabbed lands of landlords in Pandoul and different places in Madhubani and Samstipur and Darbhanga areas and at least constructed their huts on the lands of landlords.
Even after all these developments, feudal mindsets of land owing classes, particularly ex-landlords have not changed and they continue to create reign of terror against dalits, adivasis, Muslims, backwards and poor among forward caste. Land continues to be the bone of contention and the successive Bihar governments did not bother to implement land reform measures although first land reform measures like abolition of zamindari system had started in Bihar under the chief minister ship of Dr Sri Krishna Sinha. His revenue minister later chief minister of Bihar Krishna Ballabh Sayay  had played pivotal in implementing land reforms including abolition of zamindari system for nationalising their lands to give them to landless in Bihar. Even the matter as challenged  right from l C lower court to Supreme court, which upturn the decision of the then Bihar government on the ground of Right to Property in the Fundamental Rights , guaranteed under the Constitution. Later the Jawahar Lal Nehru government in Del;hi carried first amendment ton the Constitution and Zamanidari system of holding huge land was abolished  The ACT subsequently put in the 10th schedule so that matter could not be challenged in any court of Law!

Thursday, 21 June 2012


It is strange why Indian political class is  in so much in hurry to become prime minister or president or ministers or chief ministers by projecting themselves for respective posts ? Elections to the next Lok Sabha is due in 2014! But almost all political parties or politicians have \started projecting prime ministerial candidates or politicians themselves to become prime minister after the next elections where there are least signs of which political parties or comologeration of smaller and regional parties will get how much seats in the forthcoming elections to the Lok Sabha! Such tendencies are clearly indicative to influences the mood of electorate, who will participate in the next Lok Sabha elections.
The UPA led by Congress, the NDA led by Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) and many other regional outfits and parties, whose leaders have been immensely benefited to get prized political  position in the coalition era of the last 25 years are vying each other for the prime minister position as well as other  important assignments in the government in India.
The race is on. The BJP, a partner of National Democratic Alliance, is more in hurry to project the Gujarat chief minister Narendra Modi , allegedly involved in the carnage of Muslims during Gujarat riots (investigation in many cases of  the carnage  against Modi are under  the investigation stage) as the prime ministerial candidate . The Rashtriya Swamsevak Sangh (RSS), supreme operator of the saffron wings in India appears hell- bent to consolidate Hindu votes throughout the country in favour of its political wing-BJP by projecting Narendra Modi as prime ministerial candidate in the next elections although there are cleavage in the party over the name of Modi.
In the line in the BJP are former Deputy prime minister Lal Krishna Advani, former union minister Sushama Swarajya, national president of the party Nitin Gadkari, Madhya Pradesh BJP chief minister Shivraj Chauhan etc. But the majority of leaders of the BJP from majority of states seem to favour Narendra Modi as prime ministerial candidates because of his Hindu consolidation capacity as well as deliverer of good governance in Gujarat in the last over ten years. But there are exceptions also like Bihar a senior leader of the BJP and the deputy chief minister of Bihar Sushul Kumar Modi, who is said to be very close to Nitish Kumar has serious reservation on the name of Narendra Modi.
On the other hand ambitious and shrewed   Chief Minister  of Bihar Nitish Kumar, who himself want to be projected as prime ministerial; candidate, has vociferously objected to the projections of NarendraModi as prime ministerial candidate. Kumar has recently made clear that prime minister of the country must be above from any controversy, obviously indicating that Narendra Modi's hands are drenched in communal bloods. His ministerial colleague Sushil Kumar Modi, a senior BJP leader from Bihar has also dittoed the line of Nitish Kumar and has pointed out that his party (BJP) must project a prime ministerial candidate like former prime minister Atal Behari Vajpayee, who was above from any controversy and acceptable to even opposition leaders-what to say-NDA (Both the Janata Dal (U) of Nitish Kumar and BJP are alliance partners in Bihar's NDA government.)..Nitish Kumar has even threatened to leave NDA on the issue of prime ministerial candidate of safforn wings  as Narendra Modi. More over, his senior party colleague, former union minister and convenor of the NDA Sharad Yadav is maintaining golden silence over the issue. Sharad has refused to support and oppose the Nitish Line in th eparty, saying that he is busy in presidential election candidates' issue in tthe NDA.Thus it appears that everything is not well even in Nitish's JD(U).

Not only that there are serious differences of opinions in Bihar's BJP. The Animal Husbandry minister Giriraj Singh, who is minister from the BJP quota in Nitish government, has openly revolted against Sushil Modi and Nitish Kumar for their statements, objecting Narendra Modi as prime ministerial candidate.Giriraj has not attended the cabinet meeting a few days back and also meetng of important BJP leaders at the residence of Sushil Kumar Modi. Many such ministers from BJP quota including Ashawani Choubey, Chandra Mohan Rai, Prem Kumar, Gautam Singh, Sukhda Pandey, who have serious grudges against Shusil Kumar Modi are secretly supporting  the stand of Giriraj Singh, who has openly said that Nitish Kumar and Sushil Kumar Modi are not competent to give secular certificate to Narendra\Modi as he has emerged a as a tallest leader of the BJP in the country by supports of all sections of society in Gujarat in successive elections. With such activities in the BJP, Sushil Kumar Modi appears to be on back-foot in the Bihar BJP!
The latest statement of the RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat that there is no harm in the BJP to project Narendra\Modi as prime ministerial candidate has boosted the stand of Giriraj Singh and other BJP leaders in Bihar.Bhagwat has made crystal clear that Narendra Modi is a staunch Hindu and Hindu have all right  to become prime minister of the country The statement of senior BJP leader Balbir Punj  and other party functionaries in Delhi that NarendraModi is right choice to be projected as prime ministerial  candidate in the next Lok Sabha elections has also created upheavals in the  BJP right from state level to national level.Dissident BJP leaders , opposed to Sushil Kumar Modi for hijacking organisation to serve the interest of Nitish Kumar, have started felt boosted with encouraging statements of RSS chief!
Controversy is going on over the fate of NDA government led by Nitish Kumar in Bihar. At one place , Nitish is determined to consolidate his Muslims and most backward votes by showing his secular credential and  opposing Narendra Modi as prime ministerial candidate. BJP leader Sushil Kumar Modi and many other BJP functionaries as well as party's grass root support base, supporting Nitish Kumar, have been put in wrong box It is rumoured that Nitish Kumar may split BJP in Bihar to save his government as well as consoling Sushil Kumar Modi and many other BJP leaders that door for them are opened in the JD(U)!
 The Congress is also fishing in troubled waters in the NDA and reportedly started move to bring Nitish Kumar in UPA fold.More over the congress is also delved  in similar circumstances. The Congress party has already announced that the party would fight next elections under the leadership of AICC general Secretary Rahul Gandhi, who will be the next prime minister after UPA comes to power in the next Lok Sabha elections although the UPA government led by Congress has created mess in the country like price rise, inflation, encouraging corrupt practises as well as scams after scams in the country during the tenure of  Manmohan Singh government at the centre. For this Congress is also making arrangements with allying with left parties, Samajwadi Party of Mulayam Singh Yadav, Bahujan Samajwadi party of Mayawati, Rashtriya Janata Dal of Laloo Prasad Yadavetc. 
The  chief ministers mercurial Mamta Bannerjee of West Bengal (Trinamual Congress) and  of Tamil Nadu (ADMK) Jaylalitha and former chief minister of Uttar Pradesh Mayawati (Bahujan Samaj Party) are respectively   also reportedly dreaming for  prime ministerial  post, having political ambition in view of coalition era in the country with the emergence of regional parties in the country. Role of Odisha chief minister Navin Patnaik is being considered pivotal because his regional; outfit-Biju Janata Dal is also gaining ground in Odisha. Unlike dithering role of NDA in the race of presidential elections, Navin Patnaik and Jayalalita have already announced their suport to the former speaker of Lok Sabha P A Sangama as their presidential candidate, which in all expectation BJP of the NDA will also support Sangma against UPA and other oppositon candidate for the president ship Pranab Mukherjee .But the million dollar question about Nitish joining UPA led by Congress because his arch rival and RJD national president Laloo Prasad Yadav is already alingned with UPA and Congress!
Left parties, which are expected to do better performances in the next  Lok Sabha elections because of  vigorous protests and agitation by these parties on price rise, inflation, discrimination to working classes as well as opposition to multinationals, are obviously opposed to NDA , particularly BJP for its communal tinges, may throw weight in favour of UPA with common minimum programme of governance after next Lok Sabha elections.
Amid all the controversies in at least in Bihar, it appears the handiwork of Nitish Kumar, who has miserable failed in his efforts of the so called development of Bihar and his good governance, has created unnecessary controversy to divert the attention of masses on prime ministerial candidate. Nitish reportedly  of the opinion  that he would get political mileage from this move-but it appears his move would boomerang or has boomeranged with the clarity over the issue by RSS chief!

Tuesday, 19 June 2012


Recently, I was just going through pages of the Washington Post. Suddenly my eyes went on a opinion piece in the newspaper about the global challenge of food and nutrition scarcity! I was amazed to find that entire planet, particularly India, China, Nigeria will become most populous countries by 2050  and will face food and nutrition scarcity in considerable manner! In this respect the opinion piece on the basis of the statements of  Paul Pol man, Chief Executive officer of the Unilever, one of the world's largest consumer goods companies and Daniel Sorvitje, chief  executive  officer of the Group Bimbo, the largest baking company in the world, who are authoring of B-20, the food Security Task Force for the G-20 nations, has highlighted some of the major factors of food and nutrition scarcity in the globe.
The planet is already stressed, about waters particularly and most of its next two billion inhabitants will form in areas where the stress are greatest. The UN expert team have identified India, China and Nigeria, which will become world's most populous nations in 2050. More over in my opinion danger signal for food and nutrition scarcity as well as instances of  hunger expected to be more alarming in these populous countries!
Both Paul Pol man and Daniel Sorvitje are of the opinion , " Imagine all the food mankind has produced over the past 8000 years. Now consider that we need to produce that the same amount again-but in just the next 40 years if we are to feed our growing hungry world."
The Opinion piece based on the statements of both the experts has pointed out that seven billion people live on earth and the population is growing by 77 million every year. That is country like size of Indonesia every three years. By 2050, nine billion people live on the planet.
Amid this rapid growth, more than 850 million people go to bed hungry. An additional billion do not get sufficient nutrients in their diet although both the speakers have made it clear that the data appears high and  a stain on our collective conscience! These are life time health implication for these unfortunate people as well as considerable negative impact on economic productivity and significant cost of health care
Notably based on the statements of two experts, the Washington Post has points out , " To alleviate this situation, global food production must increase  70 percent by 2050."
And  things are not getting easier. The agriculture sector account for 70 percent water use and up to 30 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions. Climate change could reduce yields more than 20 percent in many areas within developing countries-think of the floods in Thailand and droughts in Horn of Africa. Changing temperature also contribute to food price volatility, which has a direct impact on  the poor and on child nutrition.
Moreover, agriculture faces dual challenges; being more sustainable on a dwindling resources base while having to feed an increasing number of people. To provide food and nutrition security in the coming decades will require a major sustained effort  by all stakeholders including business.Both the co-authors of G-20 on food security have said, "we believe that this require a new vision for sustainable and equitable growth. We have food security task force as co-chairmen of the B-20 food security Task Force, We have led a group of CEOs and other stakeholders to provide affordable recommendations for the G-20 to achieve, a 50 percent increase in products and productivity by 2030 to boost agriculture  by 50 percent by  2030-some stakeholders committed to invest $ 15 billion to help boost agriculture productivity.We have identified five priority areas: increasing investments in agriculture productivity; improving market function; ensuring more sustainable food production (including water resources management); and integrating and prioritising nutritional needs."
This productivity growth must develop food and nutritional security for all in an environmentally sustainable manner while ensuring improved livelihood and income for farmers, going forward, farmers will have double annual yields increase-and we need reach out to 500 million small-holders farmers or two billion people, who produce most of the agriculture output in developing countries. Women make up 43 percent of developing world farmers. We need targeted  programme to help them to increase their productivity and earning potentials. The problem of land tenure rights and access to finance including risk management tools will be key enables.
The statement has lamented that thirty to forty agriculture produce gets lost between the farms and consumers. We need strengthen capacity along the value chain to reduce waste while improving the nutritional value and food safety for consumers to optimise productivity. Considerable areas of the globe are clearly food-deficient. We need to make easier to transport goods from suppliers and promote the development of local  survey, which helps develop local markets and reduce urban migration. We need trade policies that increase the exchange of sustainable agriculture goods. Reducing trade support and protection would provide significant opportunities for farmers while expanding consumers' access to affordable foods.
Resources for food production will become scarce. Sustainable response to global challenges is the acid test for companies everywhere-not just producers but also suppliers and retailers as well as international organisations, governments of the nations, NGOs and citizens!

Monday, 18 June 2012


 With the petrol price sky-rocketing in the recent past, there
are virtual cries in India, particularly in .Patna for disel cars! For
diesel cars, the manufacturers will have to maintain the technology
and guidelines, propounded by the Global Diesel  Technology Forum,
which represents car and truck companies and others that make diEsel
engines, Such technology is already under implementation in the United
States and other wealthy countries, introduced in 2000 in  America.
According to a report published In the New York Times, the World
Health Organization (WHO), at its meeting in  Lyon, France, at
scientific meet; on Tuesday (June05,2012) declared diesel fumes cause
lung cancer. The WHO experts said that they were more "car cinogenic
than second hand  cigarette smoke", which is said to be the main
reasons of lung cancer in the planet.
The report of the WHO said that the diesl fuel emition is "known
carcinogen" level, which eventually affect the mines workers as they
are heavily exposed to exhausts diesel fumes!
The WHO said that it is partcular relevant  to poor countries, whose
truckers generates and farm and factory machinery routinely belch
clouds of sooty smokes and fill the air with sulfurous particulars,
the New York times report said. adding that United States and wealthy
nations have less problem because of they require modern diesel
engines to burn much cleaner than they did even a decade ago. Most of
the industries in these countries like mining, already here limits on
the amount of diesel fumes to which workers may be exposed.
The New York Times report suggests that the medical director of the
American Cancer Society  Dr Otis W. Brawley praised the signal of the
WHO's international agency for research on cancer, saying "his group
has for a long time had concerns about diesel"The Cancer society is
expected to come to the same conclusion the next time its scientific
committee meets, Dr Brawley said to NY TIMES.
She fuhrer stated, " I do not think it is bad to have a diesel car and
at the same time I do not think it is good to breath its exhaust. I am
not concerned with the people, who walk past a disel vehicle, I am
little concerned about people like toll collectors and I am very
concerned about people like miners, who work where exhaust is
concentrated. Government of the globe countries must declare diesel
exhaust a carcinogen., she added to the New York Times..
The WHO, as quoted in the New York Times, also said that disel
exhaust is a probable cause of bladder cancer.. they require modern
diesel engines to burn much cleaner than they did even a decade ago.
Most of the industries like mining, already have limits on the amount
of diesel fumes to which workers may be exposed.
The New YORK Times report said that WHO researches indicated that
occupational disel expenses was far greater lung cancer risk than a
passive cigarette smoking but a much smaller risk than smoking two
packs a day.
The diesel Technology Forum reacted cautiously to WHO report noting
that modern diesel engine had in USA and other wealthy countries burn
low sulfur fuel, so new trucks and buses emit 98 percent less
  particulars than old ones did and 99 percent less nitrogen oxide,
which adds to ozen build-up. Such technology in vogue in U S , the New
York times report added.
According to Indians and particularly of Biharis for diesel engine cars
;amid craze for diesel cars and running of trucks, and buses,, having
  diesel engines in India in the wake of rampant increase in petrol price
will have to adopt the new technologies to lessen the risk of lung
cancer, prevalent in India. because of fumes of diesel engines in this
country For this fool -proof arrangements , Indian manufacturers of
cars, buses, trucks and for other purposes unsing diesels like mining,
India must develop modalities of US  in view of WHO report, warning
spread of lung cancer because of diesel burn emotions, causing lung

India Particularly Bihar most dangerous places to give child Birth!

India Including Bihar most dangerous to give child Birth!
a: India as a whole and Bihar and Uttar Pradesh in particular are most dansgerous places to give birth of children as per reports and studies by Harvard School of Public Health;  Save Children India ,  Lancet  and U N Study Reports.. India lacks basic maternity care and worse scenario exists in Bihar; according to a report published in the  American Time magazine website on June08, 2012.
The write up has quoted a study report of India particularly Bihar and Uttar Pradesh has put India as a whole worse than Nepal among the developing countries on this score.Pregnant women die eitherat  the time of giving birth or during pregnancies in India, mostly in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh due to lack of basic infrastructures both in urban and rural areas. A pregnant woman of nearby Delhi , who somehow, was saved at the time of giving birth to a child   told  the writer of the story Nilanjana Bhaumick, " Giving birth is not at all safe in India.. But may be easy if taken to a hospital to give birth or a comptetet dai (midwife) was there, it would not have so traumatic and my other child would have been saved in the past."
The write up in the Time suggests that basic maternity  care , if , would have been in India and particularly Bihar many life in India would have been saved. The Time has quoted a 2010 study by Harvard School of Public Health, which has said that 1,50000 deaths would have been prevented by 2015 if Indian women have aceess to better family planning and health care during their pregnancies and deliveries..The Times has quoted another report by Save Children India, which suggests, " that despite of  India's booming economy, the country is still one of the most high-risk places in the world to give birth. It ranked India as the fourth country among 80 less developed countries, in its survey, with nearly half of births taking place without a traned heath professionals. Even though India has made effort to improve level of maternal health by encouraging institutional deliveries and taking other measures;" says Thomas Chandy of president of the Save The Children India. He has furtjer informed  the Time, that the benefits have not yet appeared to bring about a pradigam shift.
The Time  website has further states that although figures show national maturity rate dropped by 66 percent from 1990 to 2010,in India, particularly Bihar and Uttar Pradesh have so far highest number of women dying during child birth on the planet. The U N Report on maternal and mortality trends has revealed that 56000 deaths in 2010 have taken place whereas such figures remain 6000 in China during the period.!
India's maternal mortality rate in 2010 was 200 women per year of 100000 live births, which are slightly better than Bangla Desh (240 deaths per year on 100000 live births). Intrestingly the Nepal , considered a poverty -ridden and less developed country, adjoin India has tremendously just 170 deaths per 100000 births!
the Time website report, headlined, " Why India is still one of the Most Dangerous places to give Births"? has further stated that lamently India and its states including Bihar and Uttar Pradesh has launched many welfare programmes for women  like Janani Surakhsha Yojana, food for malnuritioned pregnant women  and children but these welfare measures are yet to percolate  grass-root level, aggravating the  deaths of women and children at the time of deliveries and pregnancies. Although there is strict provisions to carry pregnant women through government transports to nearby hospitals and health centres, food , medicines and even cash rewards of upto $30 for giving birth, such facilities remained on papers only in Indian states including Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Facilities are not available due to lack of in frastructures  in both urban and rural centers.
However, The Time magazine website has lauded the efforts of Kerala and Tamil Nadu and has said that these two states have already reached U N Millennium development on this score by  bringing their mortality rate down to 100 women per year on every 100000 live births While ther states like Anbdhra Pradesh, west Bengal, Gujarat, Haryana are close to chasing the figures of lowest casualties during births and pregnancies!
The Time has pointed out that spread of literacy is crucial factors for stopping casualities. In this respect, the Time has referred about Kerala where literacy rate among women is 92 percent and by adopting various women welfare measures, the state  has brought down such figure to 81 deaths per every year of 100000 births in the state. About Bihar and Uttar Pradesh , worse said is better on these scores!

Monday, 4 June 2012


I strongly feel that the recent invasion on India to ruin our political and social cultural  fabrics and progressive thinkings as well as economy of India, based on socialistic pattern of society through imposition of new economic policies of imperialists, are destroying our youths  Europe and United State of America in the shape  of multinationals and corporates culture have  practically brought brinkmanship among our  youths. Today's youths of India are described the future  rulers under our democratic system.
 In the past few years, youths of India have become untouched with progressive thoughts for the benefit of the country! There were time, sons and daughters of rich and big people as well as from middle class families used to get good education and they visited foreign countries including United Kingdom, America and other foreign lands for higher studies in Oxford, Cambridge, and other top-ranking universities of the globe. From there , they brought many progressive ideas  like communism, socialism  and other revolutionaries theory for the upliftment of downtroddens etc.
In this categorey, we cannot forget the names of Pundit Jawahar Lal Nehru, B R Ambdkar, Subhas Chandra Bose, Jyoti Basu, and many others. For radical and political thinkings we cannot forget the contributions of  revolutionaries like  Saheed Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad, Ram Prasad Vismil and many other, who sacrificed their for the political emancipation of the country.
RADICAL AND PROGRESSIVE :- They all brought new ideas of revolution and became instrumental in shaping the destiny of India in the last several years. About ten years back, prestigious colleges like St. Stephen College under Delhi university, the Jawahar Lal Nehru University, Presidency colleges in Calcutta, Madras and Mumbai, Shanti Niketan university and many other top ranking educational institutions in the country used to be hub of progressive thoughts. And many of their  students excelled in different aspects  like politics, revolution, Marxism, socialism etc. These institutions once upon time were described hub of political and social thoughts! Many of the products from these institutions are excelling in different fields including some in politics, journalsm, top ranking government jobs, NGOs, social services and even in private sectors. Their progressive thinkings are beng reflected in their good deeds. In government services, many of such scholars are doing excellent jobs in premier services like IAS, IFS, IPS and senior rank-central services. In many instances, they never succumb to political pressure and works on the basis of strict rule books as well as going to rural areas during  their postings to listen to the grievances of rural people, who are supposed to be most worse sufferers and also deprived lots in the present political system.
 I mustt mention of name of Arwind Narayan Das, a Bihar and product of St Stephen, who was a research scholar in the AN Sinha institute , Patna, had joined journalism. Later he left journalism and founded a NGO, namely Asian Development Research Institute (ADRI) in Patna for socio-economic development of the state with Prof Saibal Gupta. While Prof Saibal is looking after the institute more as close advisor of the chief minister Nitish Kumar, Arwind died prematurely about ten yars back. Arvind had bubbling ideas of progressive thinkings and he was a sympathisers of Naxal movement in India for the upliftment of poor, dalits , adivasis etc.
Of late these tendencies among our youths are lacking and they are concentrating more on materialistic approaches. Instead of sentiments of services to people, they are making them selves machines of money minting. They seldom care for the interest of the country. Their approaches have become narrow-minded. Instead of progressive thoughts, they are shaping themselves in the format of feudalism. Some time, I feel disappointed and desperate over their attitudes throughout the country. I will rather call some thing very serious fault-line in our education system right from primary level to university level.
RETROGADE TENDENCY:-Instances of the last few days in Bihar among mainly youths in a large number in the wake of killing of dreaded founder of  banned Ranveer Sena at Ara Brahmeshwar Mukhiya  and his funeral procession  at Bansghat in Patna have shocked the people.Youths in the age group of 16 years to 40 outnumbered the people participating in the funeral processions. Right from Ara to Patna and other districts of central Bihar, they indulged in vandalism, violences, burning of police and private vehicles, beating o f  people moving  on roads, damaging public and government property. I feel that this shows the decadent thoughts among youths in majority in Bihar. For whom, they were protesting-for a man, like Brahmeshwar Mukhiya, who throughout his life indulged in loot, arsons, killings of over 300 dalits, muslims, poor among forward, backwards for establishing the hegemony of their landlordship on the lands, manily in central Bihar. Sadly these youths behaved like lumpens on the street of Patna, the state capital!.
Moreover elder politicians of JD(U) , BJP, Congress etc rather allegedly encouraged them for creating ugly scenes on the street of Patna and other districts of Bihar. I must mention the names of a few politicians including Akhilesh Singh, former union minister (Congress), Lalan Singh, Lok Sabha member from Munger (JD-U), Dr  CP Thakur, state unit chief of BJP Bihar unit, and BJP MLA Ms Usha Vidyarathi (both BJP). They allegedly created scenes to restore feudalism and landlordship in Bihar and eliminate poor, dalits, muslims, backward caste, poor among forward caste in Bihar!The arsonists chased the police and raised slogans in support of banned Ranveer Sena openly
PROGRESSIVE YOUTHS:-There were time in Bihar. Many educated and brriliant youths in their educational career entered left  and socialist movement. to protest atrocity on dalits, backwards, poor, adivasis etc in Bihar itself. They also joined naxal movement setting aside theuir luxurious life with their parents as well as brilliant technical educations in 1960s and early 1970s. In course of their  political activities, they joined the founder s of naxal movement from Naxalwari in Darjeeling district in West Bengal Charu Mazumdar and Kanu Sanyal. By the time Indira Gandhi , the then premier of India declared emergency, and many of these reformists and Naxal leaders were tortured and killed at many places , particularly in Bhagalpur jails.
In this connection, I will point out a few families , whose wards, sons, had sacrificed their lifefor justices to poor in Bihar.One such falmily is of an eminent historian late Prof Radha Krishna Chaudhary. Prof Chaudhary and his wife Shanti Devi lost his one MBBS doctor son Dr Prashant Kumar Chaudhary, who was shot dead in Bhagalpur jail on May 04, 1976. Dr Prashant Kumar Chaudhary 's guilt was that he wanted to give medical treatment to fellow jail inmates after he was put in jail in a drive against naxalites during emergency. Dr Chaudhray was shot dead in jail premises from point blank range by jail and armed police personnel in Bhagalpur jail. Dr Chaudhary died instaneously. News of his killing was censored for months together during eergency. His body was not handed over to the Professor family. His elder brother, Prabhat Kumar Chaudhary, who was topper in matriculation and I sc. in Scince College, Patna, had joined Sindri Institute of Technology. There also he took lead in academic activities-but his zeal for helping poor did not resist him and he joined Charu Mazumdar and Kanu Sanyal of Naxalwari-fame. He was imprisioned for several years and tortured by police. He, however, later on released . Currently , Prabhat is setteled in Delhi and as being CPI-Ml central secretariat member, is doing social services! His third brother Prasanna Kumar Chaudhary continued to be an active naxalites sysmpathisers and he and his wife moves in tribal areas of Jharjkhand and meets adivasis for ameliorating their condition. Pranava Kumar Chaudhary, the youngest son of  Prof R K Chaudhary, have naxalites leaning and is sympathisers of Maoists, is currently Special correspondent in The Times of India. Pranava had also to pass through many ups and downs in life and struggled for survial after the sudden death of his father Prof R K Chaudhary and the entire family plunged in pall of gloom with the death Dr Prashant and other tragedies in the family. Shanti Devi, wife of late  Prof R K Chaudhary, who lives  with her son Pranava in Patna, still shivers in pain and angusish first on the killing of his doctor son in Bhagalpur jail and death of her professor husband during his service of professorship. Tears rolloing down on her face, she could not reply my few questions and only wept uncotrobaly.!
In this connection, I must mention the contribution of one former naxalites, a hardcore follower of Charu and Kanu, Umadhar Prasad Singh of Darbhanga town. Umadhar , a brilliant stiudent f economics, later during  jail period perhaps topped the list in post-graduate in Economics from Bihar university. Umadhar is lone member of central committee of nine of the CPI-Ml formed after split from CPM is surviving. An architect of the first naxalite operation in  Bihar in Musahari in Muzaffaropur district alongwith another senior naxal leader Raj Kishore Singh, Umadhar singh become later MLA from Hayaghat assembly constituency of Darbhanga district three times. Umadhar , who was tortured in brutal manner in different jails , particularly in Hazaribagh central jail, is still struggling between life and death at his Darbhanga residence. As long as Kanu was alive, Kanu Sanyal was regular visitor to see the condtition of Umadhar in Darbhanga.. Surrounded by books, magazines, newspapers, documents on his bed, Umadhar is leading a life of loner and bewildred with the present state of affairs in the country! Umadhar also had given other naxalite operation in Darbhanga district when he shot dead for instant justice to a landlord Balani of Dilahi , a village in Darbhanga town suburb. Umardhar also symbolised naxal operations in  a few places in Bengal, Champaran and Sasaram region of Bihar in his prime youth  under the direct control of Charu and Kanu when he was hardcore naxal leader in 1960s and 1970s.
 I have already written about well known Naxal leader of high-ranking from an Ara  village Satya Narayan singh, who was architect in organising Telegana movement in Andhra Pradesh and remained underground till he died in Telegana forest areas in 1979.
DREADED JWALA SINGH:: Another dreaded landlord of an Ara village Jwala Singh, for whom life of weaker sections of society was play for him. Jwala was more dreaded than founder of of the Ranveer Sena, a private army of landlords  Brahmeshwar Mukhiya, whio was killed a few days back in Ara town, raising a hall of protsts by conservatives upper caste! Jwala, a holder of over 1000 acre of land in Ara village, was not only monster but used to taste the blood of weaker sections after their killings. Jwala was a congress leader, whose writ ran in entire central bihar. One woman Congress legislator was practically his kept. Jwala himself used to tell peole that his first task is to rape, murder, loot and violences like burning of houses of dalits and other weaker sections of society in entire central Bihar. Police and administration during the days of Congress were under his thumb. A day came in 1980s perhaps, and Jwala was killed and shot dead while he was travelkling in his car near his village home like the killings of Brahmeshwar Mukhiya. Today in the changed political situation, Jawala's sons are thriving on lands and other huge property, acquired by Jwala himself. In between, there was lull in his family but in the changed situation, huge lands of killed Jwala, are being managed by his sons. And some time, Jawala's  sons also grabbed the lands of dalits , Muslims and backward s and poor among forward caste.
Such is the tip of ice berg story of feudalism in Bihar and naxal activities. The degenration of youths from upper caste mainly in Bihar and their feudal outlook instead of progressive and radical views has created  piquant situation in the state. If  proper education and training of well beings are not imparted  to our youths particularly in Bihar, the situation would go down to the drains and the dream of good governance of the Chief minister Nitish Kumar would continue to remain a distant dream.