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Krishna Kumar Singh, also known among friend circles KK and among close relative Krishna; Matriculation from Mithila High School Balour, Darbhanga in 1959, Graduated in Political Science Honours from C M College, Darbhanga, Bihar University in 1963; Joined post-graduate in Political Science the same year but dropped; joined Naxal movement under Charu Mazumdar, Kanu Sanyal, Satya Narayan Singh and Umadhar Singh in between but circumstances compelled to join literary work, clerk, proof readers etc in different publishing houses for livelihood; Finally joined journalism as career in different English newspapers and before my retirement from active journalism, I worked in The Times of India for about 19 years and retired as Chief Reporter  a few years back; continuing in journalism-reading more and more, writing more and more and praying to Almighty more and more-currently writing for different national English and Hindi dailies and magazines..

Tuesday, 30 October 2012

REFLECTION OF ECONOMIC DOWN_TURN IN EUROPE AND AMERICA VIS-A-VIS ECONOMIC CRISIS IN INDIA AND CHINA!



The recent economic down-fall in the two most emerging economy in Asia-India and China- appears the result of rescuing America and European countries  as well as Japan-"the old World" from economic turmoil! The implication-Brazil, Russia-India-China (BRICs), coined by veteran economist Jim O'Neill of Goldman Sachs symbolises the rise of once poor countries (emerging markets) into "economic power houses". It may not be out of place to mention here that Europe, America and Japan must have thought that economic turmoil will prop up the global demand for industrial goods and commodities (oil, foodstuff, metals). During the 2007-2009 economic down-turn in the developed countries like America, European countries, the economy of some BRIC countries,particularly China adopted large stimulus programmes and others just grew rapidly. The economy  of China in 2010 expanded by 10.4 percent, India 10.1 percent and Brazil's 7.5 percent. But in the fast changing economic scenario in the world, the situation seems different and economy of these countries have started declining. In 2012, the economy of China is expected to grow by 7.8 percent, India 4.9 percent and Brazil 1.5 percent. These are the latest projection of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). While the IMF predicts a little bit improvement in 2013, noted economists forecast further decline!

The Recent World Economic Outlook (WEO) of the IMF, titled "coping with High debt and sluggish growth", has dwelt with analysing examples from the past to compare if there are lessons for today.. Results are quite interesting. During the heyday of the "Washington consensus" the World Bank, the IMF and other economic agencies of the imperialist order dispatched economic teams to every countries that was desperate for money.Hankering was the same:privatisation, welfare state squeezing, union bashing and so on.. Dark-suited guys of the respective teams seemed in  convincing that urgent need of globalisation and liberalising economy. Entire world order- from Africa to South America, from Eastern Europe to Central Asia, the same policies were propounded! Globalisation celebrated its triumph: poverty, malnutrition and curable diseases were celebrated too.The IMF begins by remembering that" public debt in advanced countries has climbed to ts highest level since World War-two".Debts are growing, previously because of world wars now since 1980s debt has been growing apace without a major war and even during strong periods of growth. Debts have become permanent cancer that affects senile capitalism. The IMF has shown its helplessness and has given no explanation for this plague.The WEO has simply said, " the episode.................-during the 1980s and 1990s ave their genesis in the breakdown of the Bretton Woods System, when government policy struggled with social issues and the transition to current economic systems". This is hardly an explanation. Bretton Woods collapsed. In the last 40 years , so many countries are in transition. The solution to reduce public debt: "The largest debt reduction followed the world wars, usually as a result of hyperinflation". The IMF must understand that the problem is that restoring to hyperinflation is like using a flame-thrower to eliminate dust from a house. Such solution will destroy many other things in the process, even possibly the house itself. Moreover, the grip of finance capital on the world economy is much stronger than in the 1940s.

As part of the "sorry we have no clue approach" of the IMF' today, the document explains that debt and economic growth have no direct links:sluggish growth is bad for public finances, of course but generally speaking growth rates appear to be unrelated to debt level.. The problem, however, is to explain why since 1980s public debt is growing everywhere. That is the key issue that  bourgeois strategists do not want to address. Capitalism as a whole is less and less productive. Debts are the  result of this simple facts, very well known to classical economists like Smith and Ricardo and thoroughly explained by Marx. Capitalism is doomed to drown in debt. There are many examples like Korean war to help American economy,, Japan in 1997, Italy in 1992, etc. Strangely IMF always harps on structural reform, that is about market without unions, rules, and other obstacles to exploitation. Such situation appears crisis of regime.. Lenin has rightly said that one of the condition for a revolution is the crisis of the regime!

Taking into account all these facts, the economy of India and China notwithstanding America would celebrate China's and India's growth rate in 2012; the US economy will grow by   two percent. But this proportionate misleading comparison because China and India still benefit from "catch up economy". These two countries are poor and expand rapidly by raising workers' skill and adopting technologies and management practises pioneered else were. Describing BRIIC advances, Ruchir Sharma of Morgam Stanley has said these are economic bubbles; sooner or later, reality picks them! In his book "Brakout Nations: Pursuit of the Next Economic Miracles" Shrama does this for BRIC bubble and write" The perception that the growth game had suddenly become easy----------that everyone could be winner--------is built on the unique results of the last decades when virtually all entering markets did grow together. Story of growth rate are  same for China and Brazil.With regards to India, the country faces comparable problems. Some reflects the hangover from recent booms. India has highest inflation rates in the globe.Economist  Arvind Subramaniam of the Petreson Institute has said, " The budget deficit is around 10 percent (of the economy). Investors confidence has slumped. To spur growth the government is trimming subsidies and has liberalised foreign investment in retailing , airlines, broadcasting and power generation.

In the meantime, the RBI has predicted that India's growth rate expected to drop to 5.7 percent. Current inflation rate of huge proportion is likely to increase from 7.3 percent to 7.7 percent and under present circumstances , the inflation may be inching further  in India. The IMF and ADB have also put the growth rate in the range of 5.6 percent to 6.7 percent.

 More over ,, India continues to be toughest place for doing business even as the country has improved regulator processes for starting enterprises and trading across borders, according to World Bank and IFC.In terms of doing business, India is ranked 132nd among 182 countries. Singapore is at the top position, followed by Hong Knong SAR, China at second place, and New Zealand at third spot.. Other top ten nations are US(Fourth), Denkmark (fifth), the UK (seventh) Norway 9sixth), Korea (8th), Georgia (9th) and Australia (tenth). Surprisingly , India is the lowest among BRIC nations-Barazil (130th), Russia (112nd) China (91th ) and  Taiwan-China (16th). Interestingly, India is also below the rank of neighbouring Pakistan (107th) and Nepal (108th)! The report, namely doing business 2013 smarter regulation for small and medium-sized enterprises, has said that the local entrepreneurs in developing countries are finding it easier to do business than at any time in the last ten years.The ease of doing business in the developing world reflects, the significant progress that has been made in improving business regulatory practises world-wide" the report added and said "India focused mostly on simplifying and reducing cost of regulatory processes in such areas as starting business, paying taxes and trading across borders." The ranking is based on various factors-- starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity, registering property, getting credit, protecting investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts and resolving insolvency." Thus in my opinion, the Indian economy is grappling with sluggish growth amid European debt turmoil and high inflationary pressure. Such thing has also been reflected in the report of the World Bank and its group entity International Finance Corporation (IFC) on doing business.

Every where, the global economy is weak or weakening. Against this dismal backdrop, it was tempting to think that resilient BRICs would act as a shock absorber. They will buy more European and American exports; they send more tourists to Dismay World and Eiffel Tower. This would provide the world more time to make adjustments. Just to opposite occurred. The weakness of advanced economies transmitted itself, through export markets, to the BRICs. The World economy is truly interconnected. What was hoped happen was wishful thinking! But In India's GDP story is strange in the last several years with the opening of liberalised economy. Rich have become richer and poor more and more poorer. Human index on health , education, malnutrition, hunger etc are increasing by leaps and bound and wealth is being accumulated in few hands!

SOURCES: World Bank, IMF, IFC,India's Finance ministry, China government, Economy of Marx and Lenin achieves, Washington Post websites as well as books on World economy.

Monday, 22 October 2012

SCAR OF SINO- INDIAN WAR!

Although the scars of the wounds of the humiliating blow from Sino-Indian full-fledged war fifty years ago are yet to healed up, our countrymen are still to know the exact causes of such war in Asian continent! I, personally , still remember the horrible situation throughout the country when the troops of both India and China were fighting pitched battle. At that point of time, I was a student of honours graduation degree and was living in a student lodge! The administration had issued strict directive to put off light during night hour and if lighted the windows of the rooms must be covered with black clothes so that light could not be sighted from outside. All these precautionary measures had been taken to avoid air attacks during nights. In the process, there were huge runs for donations to the government for strenghtening the defence needs by general people. My reminiscences goes that the then Maharaja of Darbhanga and his trust had alone donated nine mounds of gold to the government of India to recover and manage the battle at the front in the extreme parts of out  northern border.

Both China and India were close allies under the stewardship of Pndit Jawahar Lal Nehru from India and Chou-in-Lai and Mao-Tse-Tung of China in the Asia.. Apart from historical ties between both the countries, people of both China and India were enthusiastic to respect each other. There were popular slogans- like "  Hindi-Chini Bhai-Bhai". But some provocations from the both the sides resulted into beginning of full-bloom war between China and India from October 20, 1962. The war continued  for over one month, inflicting heavy damage to Indian troops and grabbing of huge Indian territory. At last China unilaterally declared ceasefire and Peking in a statement said ,"Beginning from November 21, 1962 (midnight) Chinese Frontier Guards will withdraw to position 20 km (12.5 miles) behind the line of actual control which existed between China and India on November 7, 1959." Battle cry of Chinese troops was so swift  and  sudden that Indian government were found in helplessness situation.Fear stalks countrymen!

As authentic stories go, it became imperative for China to launch attack on India. Thousands had been killed by Red Army in China. There were sharp differences of opinions between Mao and Chou. Poverty   had gripped China beyond imaginations. And last but not the least, to express their anger towards India for giving shelter to Dalsai Lama, who raised  the bogey of Tibet for its independence although Tibet had become part and parcels of China in accordance with the UN Resolution! All these factors compelled China , perhaps, to attack India. Situation became so frightened during war that nobody knew when the Chinese forces will stop as they were facing very little resistance from unprepared Indian Army. At that time N J Nanporia, who was editor of the Statesman had told Pundit Nehriu" Chinese would offer a ceasefire unilaterally, citing reasons " Chinese has attacked to punish India not to occupy it". Much drama and hype were created just on the eve of China declaring unilateral ceasefire. None of the senior government functionaries including Pundit Nehru were aware of cease fire declaration by China!

Subsequently, the then Defence Minister V K Krishna Menon resigned owing moral responsibility. Later. Menon had said openly about the sketchy story of such sudden attack by China, " My story must die with me because I would have to lay the blame on Nehru, and I do not want to do so because my loyalty to him."  Many senior army officials head rolled .Sadly Pundit Nehru had to face hostile anger for debacle during China and he continued to smart under the criticism by his key cabinet ministers on China policy and opposition leaders  till his death. Alas , visionary Pundit  Nehru could not live long and died under the shadow of back-stabbing by Chinese leaders, whom Jawahar considered true friends of India!

Notwithstanding both India and China are leaping forward economically and harping on cooperation to each other, there are many constraints between friendly ties of both the countries. Apart from legal trade between China and India getting boost, unauthorised and illegal entry of goods, specially electronics, have flooded Indian markets through Nepal, jeopardising the developing economy of India. Main hurdles have centred on the status of Tibet and sheltering of  over one lakh  Tibetians in India as refugees  under the leadership of Dalai Lama! Dalai Lama slipped to India along with huge number of Tibetans with huge movable property!They have their full-fledged Tibet government in exile in Dharmshala in Himachal Pradesh of India! A long shadow has casts over Tibet and Tibetan staying here. Such situation is proving a million dollar question over the India and China relation! They live here as sheltered people-this generosity, as India clarifies very often, was out of respect for Dalai Lama and his spiritual eminence.

According to a recent Report in the Time Magazine; many in China ,however, deem this as meddling in the internal affairs.As early as in May 1959, Mao Zedong, a top Chinese leader, in his"The Revolution in Tibet and Nehru's Policy" had accused Nehru of encouraging Tibetan rebels. And as recent as last year, Chinese Foreign ministry spokesperson Hong Lei had said China opposes "any country that provided a platform to the Dalai Lama" whom they consider a separatist. Last year, China also cancelled border talks with India in protest over a speech by Dalai Lama in new Delhi. That may be a rote, predictable picture at this point but it speaks of an intractable problem dogging ties between the two Asian  giants. "The issue of Tibet is a core issue between India and China" Lobsang Sangay, the prime minister of Tibet government in-exile told Time. "we want India to have productive relations with all its neighbours including China."

Now the question  of significance for both the countries marking October 20, 2012, 50th anniversary on China-India border war of 1962. Sadly month-long war between India and China , which the Chinese had given crushing blow to India, because of defence unpreparedness by India. Chinese 's fight witnessed its soldiers attacking across disputed McMahon line, a boundary through Himalayan terrain, earmarked in 1914 by the British Colonial authorities and Tibetan officials. The Beijing refuses to recognise this earmarking of the border. The main motive of China appears that it desires to secure hold over Tibet played a significant role in its decision to raid into India. The Chinese had unilaterally declared ceasefire on November 21, 1962 and withdrew from much of the land it conquered save the strategic barren territory appended to Kashmir known as Akasai Chin.

Despite all these hicuups, the relation between China and India has achieved significant economic changes between these two countries. In 2005, China and India pacted to agree to a strategic and cooperative partnership between Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao and India's Prime minister Manmohan Singh. Again in last July both the countries led by Chinese vice-premier Li Keqiang and prime minister of India Manmohan Singh proclaimed that Indo-China relations would prove most significant and important mile-stone in bilateral relationship  in the 21st century. Dr Manmohan Singh said in 2009 , " India and China are not in competition-there is enough economic space between us both."

The Times report says ; but where does Tibet fit into picture? China's annoyance at India sheltering the Dalai Lama has surfaced regularly and India has often made concessions to the trade partner's sensitivities. In 2009, Beijing raised a stink when Dala Lama wanted to visit Tawang, a historic monastery town in Arunachal Pradesh-a state the Chinese still claim as " southern Tibet'. While New Delhi did not stop him, it restricted coverage of events by not allowing foreign journalists to accompany him to the country's remote north-east,. In 2011, the Chinese consulate in Kolkata sent a written protest when the governor of West Bengal met Dalai Lama while he was in city on a speaking tour, ruffling feathers in India. "They have no business doing that publicly", Sangay says referring to written protest. " That is interference in India's sovereignty and internal matters."

On the other hand Beijing  disagrees and said , " Dalai is terrorist with a separatist agenda. I do not think that China's protest against the Delhi's movements for Tibet independence in India is interference in India's internal matters, but just the  opposite that if India allows Dalai to engage separatists activities in India is interference in  China's internal affairs, the so called autonomy of Tibet (that) the Dalai Lama claims to be seeking is actually the independence of Tibet, which is definitely forbidden," Wang Dehua, Director of the Sanghai-based South Asia Research Centre at Tongji University said..

According to Uday Bhasskar former director of the Delhi-based Think Tank of the Institute of for Defence Studies and Analysis; India never used the Tibet card-in a fragile geo-political neighbourhood, New Delhi better knows than to use its small leverage in a contest it cannot win.

Despite recent visit of  from high profile Chinese dignitaries including President Hu Jinto and defence minister General Liang Guanglie, the issue of Tibet continues to be a point of discord. Chinese still fears that India will leverage the might of more that one lakh Tibetan exiles on its soil and fuel tension in Tibet. Uday Bhaskar said " Tibet issue is is one of the China's historical fears."

But there are certain  trends of animosity (in China) towards India. Mohan Guruswamy of the Observer Research foundation says, " " And we have to live with just the way they have to live with our growing friendship with other countries and the Tibet issue. But 1962 will never happen."

In totality,India's debacle in the Indo -China  war of 1962 still continues to be mystery! Cause and reasons of Indo-China war of 1962, enquired by the two army officers- Lt. Gen Henderson Brooks and Lt.neral Pre Bhagat, is still gathering dust with union government eevenafter 50 years of war. The government kept  the report under  wraps. The government got way under cover of "public interest". Strangely no where in the world has the army been able to deprive the public on facts on such an important in India's history for such a long period under the cover of secrecy. When the Central Information commission did not allow to make the report public, the eminent journalist Mr Kuldip Nayyar, has filed an appeal before the the Delhi High court  for directing the government to make the report public in their interest even after long gap of time. But the case is hanging fire in the court!

Worse and humiliating defeat of India in the hand of China  in 1962 will continue to haunt the Indians and coming generations in years to come!

Tuesday, 16 October 2012

WHY THIS HATE CAMPAIGN AGAINST MUSLIMS OF THE WORLD?

Recent uprising and protests among Muslims of the globe is justified in the wake of the release of the hate video, "INNOCENCE OF MUSLIMS". Such protests have virtually  engulfed the West Asia and North Africa and the entire muslims community in India and the globe. More than 20 countries including Tunisia, Yemen, Egypt,, Iraq, Algeria, Yemen,, Jordan, Morocco have recently witnessed street fight and protest, killing many of the Muslims while trying to enter US and other Western embasies to protest blasphesy of Islam. India also did not remain untouched from such protests by Muslims throughout the country. Many of such countries, which had recorded serious protest over the issues, are close to imperialist  and authoritarian  America ! Sadly, such hienous crimes against Muslims and their religion are not new in at least Africa and Latin Amnerica as well as some countries of the Arab world where articles, cartoons etc have appeared lampooning the  Islam and the Prophet. There appears virtual war cry against Muslims in the world including in India when we go through the records of the Indian government towards treatment  to Muslims in the name of being terrorists! I had written a comprehensive story on July 17, 2012  on my blog www.kksingh1.blogspot.com under headline, " MUSLIMS IN THE GLOBE VIS-A-VIS IN INDIA", depicting atrocity on Muslims in the pretext of being them terrorists  in the world.. Are the Muslims of the world not human beings; do not have they cultural and literary history  as well as do not they  make the world , place for peace and prosperity?

The President of UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA) Barack Obama, has , sadly no words of remorse over these ugly happennings including killings under his  open eyes because of US drone missiles  attacks in Muslim -dominated countries. Obama had, in his speech in the United Natation General assembly had said, " US protect the right of all people to express their views that  we profoundly disagree with.". Obama cotninued to delivering threats to Muslim countries, particularly Iran. About recent violences, Obama used the language of his predecessors George W Bush, who had initially started smear campaign against Muslims of the world! Tension between US administation and Muslim countries appear to be escalating in view of insult to Islam and the Prophet. Fear and hatred towards Muslims, who are one of the largest population in the world! The US is creating Islamophobia in the Indian sub-contoinent, which is directly influencing  the Indian government to victimise innocent Muslim youths.

Least said is better about successive Indian  governments in recent years about treatment towards Muslims, the Islam and their religious places in India. It all started from 1980s when a fanatic mob led by the senior BJP leader and the party's prime ministerial aspirant Mr Lal Krishna Advani demolishing the Babari Masjid in Ayodhaya. In india Muslims are fear-ridden because of the continued neglect of Muslims towards their  poor socio-economic status. The Sachar committee, appointed by the Union government of India,  has  pointed out the reasons of backwardness among minority community and had suggested many measures to uplift them.

Moreover , in India, a strange  development is taking place. Muslims are framed in criminal cases because of their alleged involvement in terror activities!Many  Civil Society organisations have complied facts about their innocences in the terror activities.. Intrestingly , it has been fond in most of the cases that Muslims, framed in terror and sedition charges are released after living behind bars for months together because of non-substatiation of charges against them. A fortnightly Front Line in its recent article," STRAINING TO BE HEARD" has written, " At a time when Muslims across the world have been taken aback by the hate-inducing depiction of the Prophet MUhammad in the derisively tilted film, "INNOCENCE OF MUSLIMS", such fabricated cases point to a larger trend of anti-Islamic propganda, perpetuated particularly by the United States and its allies." In India context the Frontline article has further said," The community's socio-political environment is marked by its own insecurity and the Indian state's indifference to such fabricated cases."

To substantiate the evil design of India governmet under the patronage of U S Administration towards Muslims of India, just I am pointing out the few glaring instances of concocted anf fabricated cases against Muslims and mainly their youths in terror activities related cases. While protesting anger against film, hoodwinking and lampooning Islam and the Prophet, the agitationist-Muslims have aptly incdicating the American influences on  Indian government's policy. Such indication amply cleras that India is sadly deviating from its non-alingmenment policy and in blatant manner following the footsteps of imperialist America in its foreign policy.

While poining out many fabricated cases against Muslims, a New Delhi based, the Centre for Policy Analysis, which conducted public hearings, has submitted instances of many fabricated cases , involving a number of Muslims in terror-related cases.The centre, in a statement, has said, " there is rising concern across the country about the large-scale arrests and harassments of Muslim youths by the security forces of the state. Young men are being picked up without explaination, taken into custody, beaten and tortured and eventually thrown into jail awaiting trial for years to end. Several have died in custody., the latest case being  a Darbhanga based Qateel Siddiqui who died in mysterious circumstances in the Yerwada jail in Pune. He was arrested last November and killed in a high-security prison for a case in which his complicity had still not been established. There has been silence about the disappearance of  another Darbhanga-based engineer FasihMahmood, picked up from in Saudi Arabia. Except for denying any knowledge of his whereabouts, there has been no response from United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government about efforts to trace an Indian citizen whose family is now running from pillar to post in search of justice. Urdu journalist Syed Kazami remains in jail on charges of terrorism, with the police still to file charge-sheetd against him." The Supreme Court, hearing the pleas of Fasih's family shown its helplessness in rescuing Fashih!

Another recent report of a civil society group, Jamia Teachers Solidarity Association (JTSA) has also revealed that  accused Muslim youths in 16 cases, in which the government police had been arrested and charged Muslim youths terrorism, sedition  and treason have been acquited by the court. THe report of the JTSA is titled as "framed, damned, acquited:Dossiers of a very special cell has come on the eve of the fourth anniversary of the Batla House incident, which has been described many persons as fake encounter." The JTSA had also released two such reports in the past on "Encounter at Batla House:Unanswered questions (2009) and the case that was never: The SIMI trial of Jaipur (2012). In both the reports, the JTSA says the Delhi police and the Intellignence Bureau had connived to frame  innocent youths.

In a series of third report, JTSA says, "When human right activists or families of those arrested in the charges of terrorism, allege foul play on part of the investigating agencies, the usual response is this: Surely, there must have been some involvement or elese why should the police arrest him, and not me?" The evidences that the report, presents show clearly that the acquitals were not simply for want of evidence ( a common reason cited by the polce when it loses the case). What judgement after judgement comments on is the manner in which the so called evidence provided by the police and the prosecution was tampered with and fabricated, how story afer as presented by the prosecution was unrealiable, incredulous and appeared as concocted." The JTSA, in the process of making its report public, has described  manoeuvring by the special cell for spreading Islamophobia following 9\11 world. The JTSA futher comments, " To those who say that there is no smoke without fire........the reason behind the police-----the special case in this case, but this could be true for any othe inverstigating agency as well- framing innocents can be many; to settle scores, to teach a lesson, to buy favours, to dispose of petty informes past their usefulness to help out colleagues in other parts of the country." The JTSA has also disclosed that in most of the terror related cases between 1992 to 2012, a large number of accused persons from amongst the Muslim youths had been acquitted and these facts had been revealed through right to information petitions!

Over enthuasiatic police and intelligence officials concot these cases against Muslims for terrorism with sole purpose to please their successive political bosses as well as for getting gallantary awards. Apart from this, the present judicial suystem in India had also many hicuups. Judges feel helplessly helpless. Huge time is taken by the police to file chargesheets against the accused persons in all these cases , resulting into victimisation and liguishing in jail of the Muslim youths in the country.

Now, the way hatred is being created in  India against Muslims in the name of terrorism , obviously to please US government by the UPA government led by Dr Manmohan Singh will rebound in destroying the secular fabrics of the country. Not only that there is million dollar question about deviating from our much-cherished non-alingment policy! Just US wants to create its hegemony on the Indian subcontinent when the India is growing economically. The US needs us not we need US! Surprisingly, why UPA government is suspicious about Iran, Cuba, and other South-East Asia countries, which have been India's age-old friends in pleasure and pain? The America  believes in imperialism and is in search of market in Asia and Africa to sell their junk goods and is showing us lolly pops!
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Sources: Various websites including union Home ministry, New Delhi-based Centre for Policy Analysis, Jamia Teachers' Solidarity Association, The Hindu, The Frontline and some websites of Muslims countries as well as US president and US administration website, UNITed Nations website:

Sunday, 7 October 2012

ILLITERACY IN INDIA VIS--VIS CANADA TOP MOST EDUCATED COUNTRY IN THE WORLD1




India is the most uneducated country in the world! Its literacy rate is 74.04 percent. Kerala is the most literate state in the country with 96 percent of that state are literate while the Bihar , which was once place of ancient learning and education, has lowest rate of literacy with 63.8 percent people are literate. In over 1.20 cores population in India, hardly two to three percent population has college or university degrees in the country.

 While the nations of the globe are spending more that 25 percent to 35 percent on education in their respective countries, the successive governments of the union and the states in India hardly earmark three to four percent budget on the education! Much-publicized fund for literacy programme are going down to the drains with rampant corruptions at every level and illiteracy is increasing year to year what to speak of college and university education to the students.

Sadly in India the most important components-education, health and food are practically not subsidized while subsidies are given on with open heart on kerosene, diesel, LPG and petrol, which mainly concern the upper strata of the country. It is a fact that entire world countries understand that poor must be subsidized but not in the manner, the Indian people are subsidized on diesel, petrol, LPG and kerosene oil. Instead of subsidy on kerosene to poor in India, the Indian government must subsidies, the poor should be given solar lantern to light up their houses and help the poor children educate themselves in evening hour by providing electricity charge at important points in the rural areas! Paradoxically, the two important political parties in the country-the Congress and the BJP are undergoing a geographical shrink because of their wrong policy to run the affairs of the country and regional parties are taking definite shapes and there appears to be upsurge to run the affairs of the country by adopting proper policy to educate people and other upliftment measures to wipe out regional imbalances and poverty  in the country.

Now I must place some instances about the world nations, which are doing tremendously well for educating their respective countrymen. Despite ongoing financial crisis throughout the globe, p[particularly Europe and America, the investment of adequate money  for college education  is still worth investment. Developed countries are most educated countries and there are chains of high learning centers.

Based on a study conducted by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and displayed on 24\7 Wall St., the 10 countries are with the highest population of college educated adult residents. Topping the chart of most educated country in the world is Canada- the only nation in the world where more than half of residents can proudly hang college degrees on their walls.  In 2010, 51 percent of the population have completed a tertiary education, which takes into account both under-graduate and graduate degrees. Canada also commanded the top spot in the last study in 2000 but even still has shown serious improvements. A decade ago, only 40 percent of the nation's population had a college degree-thus Canada is most educated country in the world!

Surging the number two most educated spot was  the Israel, which neared the Canada by five percent increase, the Japan, the US, the New Zealand, the  South Korea, the UK, the Finland, the Australia, the Ireland. All ranked more than 40 percent citizens having a higher education degree. College graduation rates continued to surge despite world during recession. The percentage of adults with the equivalent of a college degree rose by more than 30 percent in 2010.. IN  U S , more than 40 percent, which is the highest in the world, population have college and university degree! However, the improvement in higher education is higher to achieve in developed countries. Most developed economic courtiers have most educated population.

OECD-education at a glance-2012 report calculated the proportions of residents with a college or college equivalent degree in the group's 34 member-nations and other major economies; based on the report 24\7 Wall St. identified the ten percent with the highest population of adult with a college degree. The majority of countries that stand the most on education have the most educated population.

In an interview with 24\7 Wall St. OECD chief media officer Matthias Rumpf explained that educational findings appear to have  a strong relationship to how many residents pursue higher education, private spending on educational institutes relative to public expenditure is much larger in the countries with the highest rates of college equivalent education-OECD says further average private spending is 16 percent. In the US, 28 percent of funding comes from private sources.

But in the case of India, what to speak about college and university degrees, even literacy is worse aspect. Children, who start education at infant level, hardly reach primary level and if they reach, do not complete middle education! Question of secondary does not arise in most of the cases. College and university education are far cry for them because of acute poverty in India! Apart from  that, government spending on education is lowest in the world in India. Over 30 years back, most of the college and schools were managed by private persons and teaching were high class-But the day union and state governmements nationalized the colleges and schools, teaching had gone to the drains. None of the union and state governments are paying adequate attention on education! But now with leliberalisation in economic policy, some very good educational institutions have come up and those institutions are providing learning of excellence!

Today in rural India, one has to walk for two to three miles for even primary, middle and secondary education. There are no networks of schools. Besides acute shortage of teachers , appointment of semi-literate teachers have made the situation beyond imagination in India's rural and ur, some NGOs are working good work in rural areas for imparting education to rural folks!. Students-teacher-school ratio in India are awfully low.