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Krishna Kumar Singh, also known among friend circles KK and among close relative Krishna; Matriculation from Mithila High School Balour, Darbhanga in 1959, Graduated in Political Science Honours from C M College, Darbhanga, Bihar University in 1963; Joined post-graduate in Political Science the same year but dropped; joined Naxal movement under Charu Mazumdar, Kanu Sanyal, Satya Narayan Singh and Umadhar Singh in between but circumstances compelled to join literary work, clerk, proof readers etc in different publishing houses for livelihood; Finally joined journalism as career in different English newspapers and before my retirement from active journalism, I worked in The Times of India for about 19 years and retired as Chief Reporter  a few years back; continuing in journalism-reading more and more, writing more and more and praying to Almighty more and more-currently writing for different national English and Hindi dailies and magazines..

Tuesday, 11 December 2012

RAMPANT CORRUPTION IN INDIA SIGNALLING CIVIL WAR!

EVERY where there are corrupt practises in India ! Common masses are worst affected because of pervading corruption every where. Unrest, anger and frustration writ large among the masses. Evil of corruption is not only confined to political classes only it has deeply entrenched in government businesses. Situation has gone down to such extend  that entire government machinery is afflicted by this evil. Even in small matter in remote rural areas, none could carry their government business without paying  underhand payment in the entire country. Poor like adivasis, dalits, minority community etc are the worst sufferers ! They cannot taste  the   fruits of welfare measures without paying bribes to government officials. On the other hand brokers, neo-rich classes, contractors, corporates, multinational companies,   industrialists , capitalists, bureaucrats, political classes except a few are amassing huge wealth through corrupt practices. Deprived lot of margins continue to suffer!

There have been strange perceptions of corruption being floated by vested interest. Some say it is international phenomena; some say bribery is  not new things; but no body come with any concrete measures to eliminate the corruption menace. In India ,  political corruption has started deeply entrenching just after the independence of the country over 65 years earlier. And now such menace has taken bigger dimension. India has been ranked 94th out of 176 counties  of the world in Transparency International's 2012 Corruption Perception Index (CPI).  The Transparency International's CPI has, in a recent report, says that India earned a very low score of 36 points on a scale from 0 (most corrupt) to 1000 least corrupt. The Transparency International India  has attributed the low scores to the recent scams and incidents of corruption in the public sector involving government officials, private officials and private companies. As per Transparency report, two-thirds of the 176 countries recorded a CPI score below 50. Denmark, Finland and Switzerland topped the index with a score of 90 followed by Sweden with a score of 88. Afghanistan, North Korea and Somalia were perceived as the most corrupt countries scoring, just 8 out of 100. However, India has been ranked below neighbouring Sri Lanka and China, while it feared better than Iran, Nepal, Pakistan and Bangladesh. From this year, the CPI methodology has been updated allowing for year-over-year comparisons from 2012 on onwards. India was ranked 72 among 180 countries in 2007 and since  the country's ranking fell to 87 in 2010 and 95 in 2011. (www.kksingh1.blogspot.com  LOOT OF PUBLIC MONEY BY POLITICIANS,, MEMBERS OF EXECUTIVE, JUDICIARY AND POWER BROKERS IN INDIA, written on August 10, 2012)

The  Transparency International further says that the data from 10 independent sources specialising in governance and business climate analysis including the World Bank and the World Economic Forum were used to arrive at India's CPI score.India head of the Transparency International P S Bawa  has said, " Corruption is hydra-headed monster and governments have to make efforts to tackle it from all sides. This  can only happen if all stakeholders work together."

Because of rapid erosion in the self-less dedication of leaders has led to increase in corruption in India. National interest has become no body's concern. Even during Pundit Jawahar Lal Nehru's prime minister ship, a number of corruption cases had come to the surface! These corruption cases were geep scandal (1948) of Rs 36.52 crore; the Mndra scandal (1958- Rs 1.20 crore and Rs 47.73 corore); Dharma Teja loans of of Rs 22 crore. Total indexed  value in 2011 would be Rs 869.57 crore.

 During Indira Gandhi prime minister ship- there were Nagarwal scandal (1971-Rs 60 lakh ,indexed value Rs 11.10 crore; the Kuo oil scandal (1976- Rs 2.2 crore- indexed value Rs 24.80 crore); the cement scam: Donations for the Indira Pratishthan Trust collected by A R Antulay-Rs 30 crore -indexed value  Rs 208.80 crore;-thus During Indira tenure scandals indexed value would be Rs 244.70 crore.

 Rajiv Gandhi's tenure as prime minister ship witnessed the much-maligned Bofor scandal of Rs 64 crore in 1987 (Rs 313.72 crore indexed value).

The prime minister ship of Narsimhaha Rao saw many scandals:- the Lakhubhai Pathak pickles scam  (1984- $ 1,30,000 equivalent at the then conversion rate to Rs 22.75 lakh(Rs 7.79 crore); the sugar import scam-(1994-Rs 650 crore-indexed value Rs 1627.99 crore; Sukhram telecom scandal (1996-Rs 3.6 crore-indexed value Rs 12.33 crore); CR Bhansali scam (1998-Rs 1100 crore-indexed value Rs 4,381.60 crore and Fertiliser scam-(1996- Rs 133 crore-indexed value Rs294.85 crore). Index value of these scam during Rao's regime comes to Rs 4381.56 crore.

Atal Behari Vajpayee's prime minister ship also did not lag behind in corrupt practices. During his regime,the Kargil coffin scandal (1995-$ 1.87 lakh equivalent to at the then conversion rate to Rs 80.64 lakh-Rs 1.87 crore indexed value and Barak missile scandal $ 80.64 lakh equivalent at the then conversion rate to Rs 36.29 crore-indexed value Rs 66.13 crore-thus total indexed value would be nearly Rs 68 crore. Vajpayee period's scams does not include telecommunication scandals in which "fist come-first serve basis" for granting licences includes, which have been deprecated by Supreme Court as well as adoption of such system by Manmohan Singh government, which entailed loss to the exchequer to the tune of over Rs 1.85 lakh crore as audited by Comptroller and Auditor General of India..

During Manmohan Singh's prime  minister ship, corruption in government deals has touched a new height:-the Scorpene submarine deal (2006-Rs 500 crore-indexed value Rs 685.80 crore; the cash for vote scandal Rs 50 crore-indexed value Rs 59.95 crore;  2G spectrum -2010-Rs 1,76,000 crore-indexed value-Rs 1,89,200 crore and the Commonwealth Games scam -Rs 8000 crore -indexed value Rs 8,599.99 crore)-thus total indexed value during Manmohan Singh's regime comes to Rs Rs 1,98, 546 crore.

Moreover all these scams and scandals involved ministers and prime ministers as well as bureaucrats! Black money stacked in foreign banks has different story. The white paper  of government of India says that black money stacked in Switzerland stood Rs 9,295 crore during 2010. FICCI version is different and says black money figure stacked in foreign banks stodd to Rs 45 lakh crore. on the other hand the then Director of the CBI A P Singh has said that such amount stood to rs $ 500 billion. Singh has given such statement to the Supreme Court.

Apart from that over Rs 1000 lakh crore, meant for welfare measures and other development schemes are being pocketed by greedy politicians, bureaucrats, middle men, contractors, neo-rich classes every year. And the helpless poor people of the country are watching such naked dramas helplessly!

Anna Hazare hammering the issue of corruption but he has become helpless. Now on the same plank, Arwind Kejariwal has launched a new party, " AAm AAdami Dal" and entered the politics in big way. In my opinion, there are anarchy in the country on the corruption front. In the last two years, as many as 10 anti-corruption bills have been introduced in the Parliament including Lok Pal Bill, the forfeiture of benami property, foreign bribery, money laundering and whistle-blowing bills plus five more-all aimed at deterring specific acts of corruption or purporting to give corruption-free public service as a right.. Apart from that Bihar Odisha, Rajasthan, and Jharkhand have enacted laws, which could result in attachment of ill-gotten property of public servants. But nothing  tangible is appearing on the surface  to eliminate the corruption menace.

 I share the views of Arundhati Roy, who in an interview to the Outlook weekly magazine has said, " What our economists like to call a level playing field is actually a machine spinning with a centrifugal force that funnels the poor out like disposable residue and concentrates wealth in fewer and fewer hands, which is why 100 people have wealth equivalent to 25 percent of the GDP and hundreds of millions live on less than 2Rs 20 a day. It is why most of our children suffer from malnutrition, why two lakh h farmers have killed themselves and why India is home to majority of the world's poor................it is  absurd situation for a  country to be in. Unless mega corporations are reined in and limited by legislation, unless the levers of such untrammelled power (which includes the power to buy politics and policy -making, justice, elections and the news) is taken away from them, unless the cross-ownership of businesses is regulated, unless the media is freed from absolute control of big business, we are headed for a shipwreck. No amount of  noise, no amount of anti-corruption campaigns, no amount of elections can stop them. Unrest anger anf frustration that is building up in the country. Some times the noisiness of it makes it hard to see clearly. But unless we look tings in the eye-instead of heading off in strange quixotic direction------ we can look forward in the civil war, which had already begun, reaching out our doorsteps very soon."

Likewise, Prof K C Mehata, former vice-chancellor and Professor of Finance, MS University of Baroda has written in an article, recently published in The Hindu, has said, " Unless people rise in revolt this demon and punish the corrupt by refusing to vote for them, a time will come (if it has already) when we get used to the debased public life."

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