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Krishna Kumar Singh, also known among friend circles KK and among close relative Krishna; Matriculation from Mithila High School Balour, Darbhanga in 1959, Graduated in Political Science Honours from C M College, Darbhanga, Bihar University in 1963; Joined post-graduate in Political Science the same year but dropped; joined Naxal movement under Charu Mazumdar, Kanu Sanyal, Satya Narayan Singh and Umadhar Singh in between but circumstances compelled to join literary work, clerk, proof readers etc in different publishing houses for livelihood; Finally joined journalism as career in different English newspapers and before my retirement from active journalism, I worked in The Times of India for about 19 years and retired as Chief Reporter  a few years back; continuing in journalism-reading more and more, writing more and more and praying to Almighty more and more-currently writing for different national English and Hindi dailies and magazines..

Tuesday, 19 June 2012

HUNGER LOOMING LARGE OVER GLOBE?

Recently, I was just going through pages of the Washington Post. Suddenly my eyes went on a opinion piece in the newspaper about the global challenge of food and nutrition scarcity! I was amazed to find that entire planet, particularly India, China, Nigeria will become most populous countries by 2050  and will face food and nutrition scarcity in considerable manner! In this respect the opinion piece on the basis of the statements of  Paul Pol man, Chief Executive officer of the Unilever, one of the world's largest consumer goods companies and Daniel Sorvitje, chief  executive  officer of the Group Bimbo, the largest baking company in the world, who are authoring of B-20, the food Security Task Force for the G-20 nations, has highlighted some of the major factors of food and nutrition scarcity in the globe.
The planet is already stressed, about waters particularly and most of its next two billion inhabitants will form in areas where the stress are greatest. The UN expert team have identified India, China and Nigeria, which will become world's most populous nations in 2050. More over in my opinion danger signal for food and nutrition scarcity as well as instances of  hunger expected to be more alarming in these populous countries!
Both Paul Pol man and Daniel Sorvitje are of the opinion , " Imagine all the food mankind has produced over the past 8000 years. Now consider that we need to produce that the same amount again-but in just the next 40 years if we are to feed our growing hungry world."
The Opinion piece based on the statements of both the experts has pointed out that seven billion people live on earth and the population is growing by 77 million every year. That is country like size of Indonesia every three years. By 2050, nine billion people live on the planet.
Amid this rapid growth, more than 850 million people go to bed hungry. An additional billion do not get sufficient nutrients in their diet although both the speakers have made it clear that the data appears high and  a stain on our collective conscience! These are life time health implication for these unfortunate people as well as considerable negative impact on economic productivity and significant cost of health care
Notably based on the statements of two experts, the Washington Post has points out , " To alleviate this situation, global food production must increase  70 percent by 2050."
And  things are not getting easier. The agriculture sector account for 70 percent water use and up to 30 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions. Climate change could reduce yields more than 20 percent in many areas within developing countries-think of the floods in Thailand and droughts in Horn of Africa. Changing temperature also contribute to food price volatility, which has a direct impact on  the poor and on child nutrition.
Moreover, agriculture faces dual challenges; being more sustainable on a dwindling resources base while having to feed an increasing number of people. To provide food and nutrition security in the coming decades will require a major sustained effort  by all stakeholders including business.Both the co-authors of G-20 on food security have said, "we believe that this require a new vision for sustainable and equitable growth. We have food security task force as co-chairmen of the B-20 food security Task Force, We have led a group of CEOs and other stakeholders to provide affordable recommendations for the G-20 to achieve, a 50 percent increase in products and productivity by 2030 to boost agriculture  by 50 percent by  2030-some stakeholders committed to invest $ 15 billion to help boost agriculture productivity.We have identified five priority areas: increasing investments in agriculture productivity; improving market function; ensuring more sustainable food production (including water resources management); and integrating and prioritising nutritional needs."
This productivity growth must develop food and nutritional security for all in an environmentally sustainable manner while ensuring improved livelihood and income for farmers, going forward, farmers will have double annual yields increase-and we need reach out to 500 million small-holders farmers or two billion people, who produce most of the agriculture output in developing countries. Women make up 43 percent of developing world farmers. We need targeted  programme to help them to increase their productivity and earning potentials. The problem of land tenure rights and access to finance including risk management tools will be key enables.
The statement has lamented that thirty to forty agriculture produce gets lost between the farms and consumers. We need strengthen capacity along the value chain to reduce waste while improving the nutritional value and food safety for consumers to optimise productivity. Considerable areas of the globe are clearly food-deficient. We need to make easier to transport goods from suppliers and promote the development of local  survey, which helps develop local markets and reduce urban migration. We need trade policies that increase the exchange of sustainable agriculture goods. Reducing trade support and protection would provide significant opportunities for farmers while expanding consumers' access to affordable foods.
Resources for food production will become scarce. Sustainable response to global challenges is the acid test for companies everywhere-not just producers but also suppliers and retailers as well as international organisations, governments of the nations, NGOs and citizens!

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